Plagiarism Policy

Shanlax International journals are totally against any unethical act of copying or plagiarism in any form. Plagiarism is said to have occurred when large portions of a manuscript have been copied from existing previously published resources. All manuscripts submitted for publication to Shanlax International Journals are cross-checked for Plagiarism / Similarity Index using Grammarly software. Manuscripts found to be plagiarized during initial stages of review are out-rightly rejected and not considered for publication in the journal.

In the event of a manuscript being found to be plagiarized after publication, the Editor-in-Chief will conduct preliminary investigation, may be with the help of a suitable committee constituted for the purpose. If the manuscript is found to be plagiarized beyond the acceptable limits, the journal will contact the author’s Institute / College / University and Funding Agency, if any. A determination of misconduct will lead Shanlax International Journals to run a statement bi-directionally linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and provide a reference to the plagiarized material. The paper committing plagiarism will also be marked on each page of the PDF. Upon determination of the extent of plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.

Plagiarism in Published Manuscripts

Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are retracted from the journal’s website after careful investigation and approval by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link to the original article is published on the electronic version of the plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the particular journal.

Types of Plagiarism

The following types of plagiarism are considered by SIJ:

Full Plagiarism:

Previously published content without any changes to the text, idea and grammar is considered as full plagiarism. It involves presenting exact text from a source as own.

Partial Plagiarism:

If content is a conglomeration of multiple different sources, where the author has extensively rephrased text, then it is known as partial plagiarism.


When an author reuses complete or portions of their pre-published research, then it is known as self-plagiarism. Complete self-plagiarism is a case when an author republishes their own previously published work in a new journal.