Fluctuating Trend of Sugarcane Cultivation in India
Sugarcane is the 9th most valuable and commercial crop in the world. It is cultivated in more than hundred countries, India is a second largest producer with 341,200 thousand metric tonnes. India is suitable country for the cultivating sugarcane crop because India is tropical country. The sugarcane cultivating farmers are facing many problems such as low productivity, short crushing season, fluctuating production trends, low rate of recovery, high cost of production, lack of adequate working capital, old and obsolete machinery, low per capita consumption, etc. The entire study is based on secondary data and it is focused with the following objectives is, to examine the annual growth rate of area, production and yield of the sugarcane in India during the study period of 2000-20001 to 2016-2017 and to analyze that the variations of area, production, and yield during 2014-15 in major producing states in India. It is observed that the overall trend of sugarcane cultivation in terms of area, production and yield of annual growth rate is fluctuating. The biggest growth rate of sugarcane is registered in similar period of 2006-2007 and simultaneously area, production and yield of sugarcane its smallest growth rate is received in same period of 2003-2004. The yield of sugarcane highest annual growth rate is accounted in 2004-2005. Among the major producing states of sugarcane in India, which revealed that among the states Uttar Pradesh stood at a first place and has been categorizes in the last place Bihar is a last place for in terms of under cultivated of area and production of sugarcane. The highest growth of area and production of sugarcane recorded in 2006-2007 and its growth rate was lower in terms of area, production and yield in 2003-04.
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