Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash <p>ISSN: 2321-788X</p> Shanlax International Journals en-US Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities 2321-788X Assessing the Entrepreneurial Intention of Indian Women http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4294 <p>Women entrepreneurship is imperative for the country’s economic growth and development. It empowers women and reduces the gender gap in patriarchal Indian society. Though, Indian women face numerous hurdles on their way to becoming an entrepreneur. Women need support from family, society, government, and various organizations to prosper in entrepreneurship. There are many research studies discussing problems faced by women entrepreneurs in India and offering solution to these problems. Less research has touched upon the topic of motivation and women’s self-help groups. However, less research exists uncovering the entrepreneurial intentions of Indian women. Addressing this lacuna, this study is assessing the entrepreneurial intentions of the Indian women to know how much they are inclined towards entrepreneurship and to know what motivates them to undertake entrepreneurship. The research presents future research avenues based on the study’s findings. Primary data collected from the sample have been utilized in this research.</p> Kirti Singh Dahiya ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 1 15 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4294 Social Media and Higher Education: What are the Motivation for Social Media use by University Faculty Members in Ghana? http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4358 <p>Higher Education institutions (HEIs) exist within technological and social contexts worldwide. Universities have invested in technology and built the capacities of their staff for the improvement of faculty scholarship. Social media platforms such as social media that were initially designed and used for social interactions now have a considerable stake in higher education. University faculty members use social media platforms in their academic research. This study investigates the motivations for social media platform usage by university faculty members in Ghanaian universities and how the user can affect their academic productivity. This study adopted online questionnaires to collect the needed data from university faculty members. To have closer insights into the study’s subject matter. The researcher investigated the issue from 301 university lecturers, 5 randomly selected universities and 13 academic departments. Some key findings of this study indicate that the specific social media platforms used by faculty members are: WhatsApp, Facebook, Linked In, Twitter, and Research Gate, with (57.1%) faculty members using WhatsApp to aid them in teaching and research. Faculty members also use social media to network with other scholars to share knowledge in their fields of expertise. Based on our findings, it can be concluded that the use of social media platforms enhances the faculty member’s academic productivity.</p> John Edumadze John Demuyakor ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 16 25 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4358 Exploring Literature on Alternative Media about African Narratives http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4403 <p>While studies on African narratives have concentrated on studying mainstream media, there is still little study on studying these narratives about Africans on alternative media. This study used a systematic literature review to establish the interplay between alternative media and African narratives by exploring journal articles published between 2006 -2021 and using 15 published articles as a unit of analysis for this study. The findings from the study indicate that social media plays a crucial role as a platform for alternative media where audiences can engage with one another without fear of victimization through using the comment and reply sections on social media platforms. The results further point towards critical media theory and ubuntu as important theories in studying alternative media and African narratives. Scholars have focused majorly to study social media usage in political activities by youths in Kenya, Uganda, and South Africa as alternative media. Therefore, this study furthers the literature on alternative media and African narratives.</p> Oloo Daniel Ong’ong’a ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 26 33 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4403 An Enhanced Freelancer Management System with Machine Learning-based Hiring http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4405 <p>Existing Freelancer Management Systems are not being adequately efficient, inconveniencing to a certain degree the freelance workforce, which comprises around 1.1 billion freelancers globally. This paper thereby aims to resolve the impediments of similar existing systems. Pertaining to the methodology, qualitative analysis was adopted. Interviews, participant observation, interface analysis, workshop documents, research papers, books and articles were used to draw data about similar applications. A web application was implemented to fulfil the objectives by using WAMP as a local development server, Visual Studio Code as a source code editor, and HTML, PHP, Python, SQL, JavaScript and CSS as programming languages along with Ajax for requests-handling functionalities, and already available APIs, and jQuery and Python libraries. The contributions brought forth are providing a shortlist of the best-qualified freelancers for each project via Machine Learning technique, generating an automated invoice and payment as soon as an entrepreneur supplies a monetary figure when approving the deliverable of a project, and enabling freelancers to sign contracts electronically to comply with business terms on one centralised repository, unlike existing systems which do not support these 3 features together on the same platform. The multivariate regression model used for intelligent hiring performs satisfactorily by yielding a R<sup>2</sup> of around 0.9993.</p> A Fatwimah Humairaa Mahomodally Geerish Suddul ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 34 41 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4405 Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategy use between Field-Dependent and Field-independent EFL Learners http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4462 <p>The purpose of this article was to examine the metacognitive awareness of reading methods used by field-dependent (FD) and field-independent (FI) Turkish EFL university students learning English as a foreign language. 270 students from Istanbul’s (Cerrahpasa) University were picked for this purpose. To begin, the Group Embedded Figure Test was used to assign individuals to one of two groups, FD or FI. Following that, we assessed participants’ metacognitive awareness of their reading technique using the MARSI-R. (Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory-Revised). Mokhtari et al. recently redesigned the MARSI-R instrument, which has 15 items and assesses three broad categories of reading strategies: global reading strategies (GRS), problem-solving strategies (PSS), and support reading strategies (SRS). The findings indicated that students used all three techniques on a near-daily basis and were aware of their metacognitive methods. Furthermore, a statistically significant difference in the use of GRS and SRS was discovered between FI and FD students; hence, the usage of students’ metacognitive reading techniques was influenced by their distinct FI/FD cognitive styles.</p> Alireza Navid M,G. ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 42 55 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4462 Dance Drama Chandalika http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4464 <p>This play of Rabindranath Tagore depicts beautifully the 5th Century BCE saga of an untouchable Chandal girl, who is an outcast of society since her birth. She suffers from untold humiliation and harsh treatment from all sections of society. She holds God responsible for such an ignominious situation for all her life. Then comes thirsty Ananda, the most favourite disciple of Lord Buddha. Seeing Prakriti drawing water from well he utters the phrase ‘Give me water, give me water.’ Ananda’s request takes Prakriti by surprise and she tells him that she is an untouchable Chandal girl and that the water of the well,drawn by her, is impure. If she gives him water, she commits a great sin. Ananda declares that she is the same human being as he is and assures her that every water is pure that quenches thirst. Prakriti now overcomes her conflict of mind and gives him water. She falls in intense love with exceptionally handsome Ananda, but he ignores her. She asks her mother Maya to use her magic spell to bring him down to their cottage. Again, there is conflict in her mind about the persecution of Ananda due to her mother’s magic spell and her love and respect for him. Ultimately, however, Ananda comes to their cottage, though pale and sickly, and forgives them all in the name of Lord Buddha.<br>Thus, the Nrityanatya or Dance Drama Chandalika is an extremely powerful play of Rabindranath exhibiting the curse of untouchability and liberation from the menace of caste structure and in the process resolving the conflicts Prakriti nurtures in her mind.</p> Sushmita Ray ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 56 60 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4464 Examining the Influence of the Demographic Variables on Organizational Citizenship Behavior Levels among Bank Employees in Madurai District http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4466 <p>The study concentrates on the influence of the demographic variables on Organizational Citizenship Behavior levels among bank employees. Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is defined as the voluntary commitment exhibited by the employees within an organization. OCB allows employees to maintain continuous interaction with the existing and prospective customers, especially in branch banking. To increase productivity, efficiency, and customer satisfaction and reduce turnover rates and absenteeism, the organization should motivate and encourage the employees to exhibit OCB. Also, voluntary behaviour will result in the success of the organization. The study is focused on the effects of five dimensions of OCB as Altruism, Courtesy, Conscientiousness, Civic Virtue and Sportsmanship. The researcher uses a descriptive research design and a simple random sampling method with a sample size of 100 respondents. The main aim of the study is to examine the influence of the demographic variables on OCB levels among bank employees in the Madurai district.</p> M. Abarna Thevi D. Jeba Priya ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 61 66 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4466 21st Century Skills and Management Philosophy of Education Managers According to Views of Teachers http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4457 <p>The main purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between teacher perceptions of education managers between 21st-century skills and management philosophies. A simple random sampling technique is used in this research. This research is a quantitative study of the relational scanning model from the general scanning models. The sample of the research consists of 104 teachers who are working at private and state school levels in Denizli, Turkey in 2021. Within the scope of the research, “Educational Administrators’ 21st Century Skills Scale” developed by Çoban et al. (2019) and the “Management Philosophy Scale” developed by Ayral and Tanrıöğen (2020) were used to collect data. The collected data were statistically analyzed by using Jamovi 1.6.15 program. To determine whether the data is not showing normal distribution, kurtosis and skewness values were observed. Parametric tests were used because the data showed normal distribution. Pearson Multivariate Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the relationship between 21st-century skills of education managers and management philosophies. According to the Pearson Correlation Coefficient result, school administrators have a positive high-level relationship between 21st-century skills and management philosophies with their perception of teachers. It can be said that the perception of management philosophy may increase when 21st-century skills increase in the organization. A simple Linear Regression Analysis test was used to measure the relationship between 21st-century skills of education managers and management philosophies. When the result of regression analysis is examined, it is seen that 21st-century skills are a significant predictor of management managers.</p> Mehtap Akyel Zeynep Meral Tanrıöğen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 67 72 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4457 Sound of Music in Rocks http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4484 <p>In India many Rock Pillars had occupied a distinguished and special place in Architecture. Especially the Musical Pillars, which produce melodic tones when tapped. They can also be called natural singing Rocks. Among the temples in different regions of Tamilnadu with the Musical Pillars are Nellai Appar Temple in Thirunelveli, Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, Thaanumaal Ayan Temple in Susindram, Alwaar Thirunagari Temple in Thirunelveli, Shembagaraama Nallur Temple in Thirunelveli, Airaavatheshwarar Temple in Dhaaraasuram, Dhaadikkombu Temple in Dindukkal, Varadaraajar Temple in Kanchipuram. In India, there are Three types of Musical stones are seen. According to a Petrological study, Metamorphic Rocks turn into Granites. From these Granites, Musical Pillars are carved out of a single block of Granite. According to a Mineralogical study, the Rocks are Resonants in nature not only because of the metallic ores present but also because of more Silica in them.</p> S Subbulakshmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 73 78 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4484 Global Research Publications on Helicobacter Pylori from SCOPUS Database (2001-2020): A Scientometric Study http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4491 <p>The purpose of this study is to measure and analyze the research publications on Helicobacter Pylori by extracting data by using the Scopus online database for a period of twenty years from 2001 to 2020. This study finds out the year-wise growth of publications, contribution by document type, authors, journals, organizations and language-wise publications in the field of Helicobacter Pylori research.</p> Spurgeon Anandraj Samuel Helan Petricia Devasagayam Manuelraj Peter Mohamed Idhris Thangam Sheela Rosalene ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 79 84 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4491 Benefits of Having Covid-19 Insurance Policies http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4493 <p>COVID-19 is a highly infectious virus that shows symptoms comparable to those of ordinary flu. In this connection, Covid-19 Health Insurance Policy is a personalized insurance policy aimed at covering hospitalization, pre-hospitalisation and post-hospitalization expenditures, and other medical expenses arising due to the treatment of COVID-19. Insurance Regulatory Development Authority (IRDA) introduced the new Corona health insurance policies namely Corona Rakshak and Corona Kavach policy and comprehensive Health Insurance policies that also covers the Coronavirus among other illnesses, diseases and healthcare benefits. Corona Rakshak Policy is an affordable Health Insurance policy that offers lump sum uses to the insured if diagnosed with COVID-19. The coverage starts from the day people get diagnosed with COVID-19 infection. Corona Kavach Policy is an affordable Health Insurance policy that protects you and your family against hospitalization expenses due to COVID-19. The coverage starts from the day the patient gets diagnosed with COVID-19 infection. It is always good to have insurance to keep ourselves and family to keep our family safe.</p> A. Sangamithra P. Dhavamani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 85 89 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4493 Accumulation of Heavy Metal in Water and Certain Freshwater Fishes of Bellandur Lake, Karnataka http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4539 <p>Human activity has continuously concerned the natural environment, particularly the aquatic ecosystems. The use of heavy metals in the industry has led to general environmental contamination. Some of these compounds are the object of study because of their toxicity and ubiquity. Moreover, they are known to remain stable in the aquatic environment. Trace metals are regarded as serious pollutants of the aquatic environment because of their toxicity, persistence, non-biodegradability and tendency to accumulate in aquatic organisms. A chemical can build up to a potentially harmful level in animal tissues as its bioaccumulation need not elicit a biological response. In the present investigation, toxicology about aquatic animals has become a key subject in water pollution studies. Accumulation of the heavy metals like Zn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd and Cu in the gut-free body, liver and gills of three species of the fish, Notopterus monopteros, Oreochromis mossambicus and Mystus vittatus, inhabiting the Bellandur lake, Bangalore was observed. The results showed that these metals were common throughout the study area, but the metal concentrations in the water samples were below the detection levels (BDL). Accumulation of Zn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd and Cu was determined in fish tissues (whole fish, liver and gill) and it was found to have reached a biologically magnified level in fish tissues. Interestingly, the metal concentration levels in fish tissue samples were elevated than those of water.</p> S. Muniraju M. R. Delvi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 90 95 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4539 A Molecular Docking Studies of a Few of Derivatives of Nitro Ketene Dithiols , Decalin-β-keto Ester Enolate and Furo Pyrazole Derivatives for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4348 <p>Tuberculosis (TB) is a common and often mortal bacterial infectious disease caused by constrains pathogens (Mycobacterium). The present study is about the in silico drug screening of 75 (Nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen-containing) derivatives of Nitroketen dithiol, decalin-β- keto ester enolate, and Furo pyrazole to control the viral growth by blocking the active site of Tuberculosis protein 1L9U. After docking 75 ligand molecules, three hits were selected based on the binding affinities. Lipinski’s rule, the hydrogen bonding, and drug-likeness were also investigated for their potentiality as suitable drug candidates. The present analysis identifies three derivatives of nitro ketene dithiol, which can be used as a potentially better drug candidate to the commercial drug Rifampicin, which is used for the treatment of Tuberculosis. These three compounds have better binding and drug properties with a simple structure; it is of interest to consider them for further in-vitro and in vivo evaluation to declare them as better drug candidates for TB.</p> S. Vijayalakshmi S. Rajamathe ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 96 106 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4348 Awareness and Enrolment of Chief Minister Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme in Poor Cancer Patients in Coimbatore http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4492 <p>The Government of India has started several healthcare schemes to provide best-in-class healthcare facilities to several low-income families in the country. Chief Minister’s (CM’s) Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme (CMCHIS), additionally recognized as Amma Health Insurance, presents low-income households in Tamil Nadu get the right of entry to world-class healthcare services via cashless economic assistance.That way, these people do not have to suffer any financial burden when seeking medical backup. The research states that the government scheme succeeds in Tamil Nadu, particularly in poor cancer patients who took treatment from the government hospital in Coimbatore district and are aware of other life and general insurance companies.</p> A. Sangamithra S. Vishnu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 107 110 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4492 Role of Yoga and Meditation in Negative Emotion among Adolescents: A Review http://shanlaxjournals.in/journals/index.php/sijash/article/view/4497 <p>Adolescence is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood wherein rapid and significant physical and emotional changes take place. Besides these changes, adolescents experience an increase in pressure from all spheres of life, such as unemployment, high-level competition, adjustments in families, etc. They experience negative feelings and find it difficult to adjust to life. These emotional changes may result in increased conflict and challenges among adolescents. They are more sensitive to their emotions and show strong feelings and intense emotions at this time. The main objective of this present review is to explore the impact of yoga on managing negative emotions among adolescents. The research available in the past describes yoga as a kind of exercise which is related to the mind and body. It is also shown thatone’s psychological experience is influenced by one’s physiological state, attitudes, and thoughts. Research has documented that the main objective of yoga is to control the process of thoughts and emotions, and it thus enables the individual to encounter pleasurable and painful situations with calm.</p> Rachna Rani Sarita Rani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-01 2022-01-01 9 3 111 114 10.34293/sijash.v9i3.4497