Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities <p>ISSN: 2321-788X</p> en-US (Shanlax International Journals) Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Diverse Perspectives in Pursuing Research on Tribals <p>There are diverse perspectives involved in studying the tribal issues particularly in Indian context. One shall assume that it is extremely difficult to understand the various perspectives of tribal studies. Despite shortcomings of its own, anthropological perspective provides base to the tribal studies. Therefore, it shall be considered as the parent perspective since it is the oldest and broader one.It is clearly understood that there is still a need for systematic approach in tribal studies owing to shortcomings in the existing methods and practices involved in tribal studies.</p> I Edward Jhotham, P Kumaran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Conjugal Rights and Sexual Privacy among Scheduled Caste Households in Caste Settlement Colonies in Kerala <p>Space in a household is not only a private commodity but also it has alternative uses. Scarcity and alternative uses of space compel occupants in a household to choose what they have to do with their limited space against unlimited spatial needs. A household becomes a ‘’home’’, when it serves spatial needs of its occupants and helps them to realize maximum potential of their capabilities. Space scarcity is reflecting not only existing standard of living of people but also acts as a predictor of their future attainments. In this article we present spatial conditions of scheduled caste households in caste settlement colonies in Kerala. We argue that present residential conditions and space availability among scheduled caste households in caste settlement colonies in Kerala cause denial of many human rights including conjugal rights and sexual privacy to them. We suggest that housing policies of the state must give more importance to qualitative aspects of ‘space’ in household rather than quantitative aspects like how many number of houses we add every year.</p> Siyar Manuraj, C.C. Babu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Academic Stress on University Students Academic Performance <p>The present study investigates the influence of academic stress on student’s academic performance among university students. The objectives of this study is to find out the influence of academic stress on academic performance of university level students and to compare the academic stress in terms of their gender and schools i.e. School of Engineering (SOE), School of Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) and School of Sciences (SOS). A total of 120 University students were selected by random sampling technique from Tezpur University,India. Descriptive survey method was adopted in the study. The tool used in this study was Academic Stress Scale constructed by Rajendran &amp; Kaliappan (1990). Academic performance t was measured using student’s semester exams results. To find out the correlation between academic stress and academic performance Pearson product-moment correlation method was used and the result shows positive correlation. Further, it was also found that stress and academic achievement has no significant gender difference. The result also shows that there is no significant difference in academic stress among university level students in respect to their school.</p> Prachurjya Borah, Nandita Chitrakar, Dimpal Khatiwora ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Individual’s Physical Activity Levels and Mental Health: A Descriptive, Cross-Sectional Study in Mumbai <p><strong>Background:</strong> COVID-19 has impacted the well-being of individuals living in India. Lockdowns have helped prevent the spread of COVID-19. Alternatively, this has led to negative impacts on maintaining healthy lifestyles. This study describes the physical activity and mental health status of Mumbai residents living with and without pre-existing illnesses.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This descriptive, cross-sectional study reviews survey responses from participants from Mumbai, India.</p> <p><strong>Methods and Material:</strong> An online survey was disseminated via social media platforms. Respondents answered questions regarding their demographics, health history, mental status, and physical activity levels pre-pandemic and after the COVID-19 pandemic declaration.<br>Descriptive statistical analysis was completed. A paired sample t-test was used to calculate differences between pre-pandemic and post-pandemic effects. Significance was set at p&lt;0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 146 responses were returned. Approximately 42% of participants reported having one or more pre-existing medical condition. Total participants reported increased sedentary lifestyle after the declared pandemic (p=0.0001per weekday and p=0.006per weekend). Although not significant, physical activity levels were reduced by 35% in participants with pre-existing medical conditions. Respondents reported having increased feelings of nervousness, anxious, or being on edge post-COVID (p=0.01). Significant decrease in general feelings of sadness (p=0.006), anxiety (p=0.03) and stress (p=0.002) post-COVID were also reported.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Quarantine measures trigger psychological problems in certain areas. Physical activity has benefits to reduce COVID-19 infection while also promoting psychological health, thus promoting physical activity should be a public health priority.</p> Evy De La Cruz, Yazmin Gamez, Jaini Patel, Laija Shah, Darpan I. Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Difficulties and Problems Experienced by Rural Women due to Illiteracy in Contemporary World <p>Literacy is one of the foremost indicators of development in a society. Women literacy is very important and plays an essential role for the progress of the society. Illiteracy is a stumbling block to women’s development and empowerment in all spheres of life. In the daily living situations, they experience several problems. The main objectives of the study to identify the difficulties/ problems faced due to illiteracy among rural women in Dindigul District. A qualitative study was adopted and interview schedule was used to elicit the information from the respondents. Majority of the rural women were in age group of 36-40 years. The observation implies that illiteracy among women in the age range of 36 to 55 years is rampant among the socially backward classes. Difficulty in reading the name board of a bus and allied difficulties while travelling alone outside the village were mentioned by most of the rural women. Nearly 81 per cent of the rural women stated these two problems. Two thirds of the respondents mentioned their difficulties in putting their signature. 58.8 per cent of the respondents expressed difficulties in operating television and mobile phones.The results indicate that the major problems cited by the respondents were those affecting their mobility. The researcher, educationist and policy makers initiate the efforts in the area of women literacy is the need of the hour and also in this modern world.</p> P Mageswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Graceful Movements of Sound in Music <p>The Graceful movements of swaras (Sounds) are called “Gamakas” in Karnatic Music. Gamakas are the important factors whch has great role in Indian Music. They represent the Melodic Character of a Raga and create a Musical effect to that Raga. The Ancient Tamil Grammer Tholkaappiam says that Lengthening of a Letter which is originated from the Vocal Chord is Music. In one of the main chapter Ezhuthadikaaram it confirms the sub- division “Asai” forms the Basis for Gamakas. Depending upon the Graceful movements that is Asai in Tamil Gamakas varieties are derived.</p> S Subbulakshmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on Social Background of the Cancer Patients in Coimbatore District <p>Cancer is a serious threat not just to the victim’s health, but also to the victim’s entire family. It not only disrupts the family’s socio-economic fabric but also lowers the country’s overall development status since; in order to cover the costs and repay the financial debt, cancer-stricken households must reduce their own basic necessities. The study was conducted to know the socio-economic impact of cancer and treatment-seeking behaviour of cancer patients, the data was collected through an interview conducted among 20 out-patients in Coimbatore. The study explored the result of gender, age, religion, language, nativity, employment, and bank account are socioeconomic backgrounds of cancer patients in Coimbatore.</p> A Sangamithra, P.S. Janaki, S Vishnu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Parents with Children on the Autism Spectrum Disorders in Bangalore, India <p>To study the socio-demographic characteristics of the parents who have children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) in Bangalore, Karnataka. Method: A self-prepared questionnaire was used for collecting data. The sample size n= 41 who were mothers/care givers of children with ASD (&lt;8 years) and willing to participate in the study between period 2018 and 2020. Results: The results in this study show that majority of the children with ASD do not go to a mainstream school. Nearly half of the families who have children with ASD are living physically separated due to interventions pocketed around the city, Bangalore, in addition, it is observed that the socio-economic factors play a major role in determining the access to treatment for ASD.</p> Candida Preetham, N Ramya,  Mahesh Ganeshan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Cancer: Stages and Tests Recommended to the Patients in Coimbatore District <p>Every region of the body is susceptible to cancer, which is a prevalent condition. The cancer’s stage provides information on the location, size, and extent of the disease in surrounding tissues, as well as if it has progressed to nearby lymph nodes or other sections of the body. Most cancers go through four stages. A cancer that is further advanced will have higher numbers. The proper diagnosis of cancer cannot be achieved by a single test. A person needs to undergo a number of tests to find out if they have cancer or if another illness (such an infection) is acting like cancer. In order to confirm or rule out the existence of an illness, monitor the disease process, and plan for and assess the efficacy of treatment, effective diagnostic testing is used. Cancer can be diagnosed by imaging, laboratory tests (including tests for tumor markers), tumor biopsy, endoscopic examination, surgery, or genetic testing. The study was carried out to learn the Stages and Tests advised to Patients. The information was gathered by interviewing 20 outpatients in Coimbatore. In the study, the stages of cancer patients in the Coimbatore district were examined, along with numerous tests and treatments for cancer diagnosis.</p> A Sangamithra, S.B. Govardhan, S Vishnu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Determination of Performance Variables from Selected Anthropometric and Biomotor Variables among Basketball Players <p>The purpose of the study was determination of performance variables from selected anthropometric and biomotor variables among basketball players. For the purpose of the study, thirty female basketball players were selected as subjects. The age of the subjects was ranged from 17 to 25 years. For this study, Dribbling and Passing were selected as performance variables. Height, Arm length, and Leg length were selected as anthropometric variables where as Speed, Agility and Grip strength were selected as Biomotor variables. The data was collected from the dependent and independent variables and the collected data was analyzed by Pearson product moment correlation and Multiple correlation to find out the relationship between dependent and independent variables separately and whole. Based on the results, it was concluded that significant relationships were found between dribbling performance and speed, agility grip strength separately and between passing performance and grip strength. Moreover, there was a significant relationships found between dribbling and passing performances and combined effect of anthropometric and biomotor variables namely height, arm length, leg length speed, agility and grip strength.</p> G. Raghavan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Review Based Reflection on the Ongoing Debate of Bilingualism and Enhanced Executive Control Functions <p>As the topic bilingualism and enhanced executive control functions (EF) still continues to be a matter of debate, the present review study has examined the existing literature in order to understand the nature of inconsistencies and contradictions in the findings relating to this area. Major areas of investigation included the relationship between bilingual language control and executive functions, the distinct components of EF getting advantage from bilingualism and its biological Underpinnings, various techniques used for assessing EF and the role of other confounding factors such as socio-economic status, age of acquisition and language experience. The outcomes revealed that there is a prevailing inconsistency in the findings, may be due to the complexity and lack of clarity in the concepts, usage of varying techniques to measure the same construct, EF, and failure to incorporate the relevant confounding factors.</p> N.V. Shaharban ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on Psychological Distress and Stress Resilience of MSW students in Delhi NCR <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To find out the level of psychological distress and stress resilience and the relationship between psychological distress, stress resilience and background characteristics of MSW students in Delhi-NCR. <br><strong>Method:</strong> The sample size is 297 (male-123 and female-174) by adopting non-probability purposive method. A survey among the Master of social work students (first year and second year) of four Universities in Delhi-NCR was carried out. <br><strong>Result:</strong> The result shows overall medium level of psychological distress and stress resilience.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The dimensions of psychological distress and stress resilience are influenced by the background characteristics of the respondents. It shows that there is a need for the appropriate interventions particularly amongst the 1st Yearr MSW students and include components for effective stress management and stress resilience by introducing changes in curriculum.</p> Vanita Godara, N. Ramya ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SWOT Analysis of Blended MOOC from Ghanaian University Instructors’ Perspectives <p>Through blended Massive Open Online Courses (b-MOOC/bMOOC), universities in the global south can integrate their courses wholly or partially with the global north for free. Despite adopting such a strategic move in higher education, instructors’ or tutors’ experiences have been rarely explored. The fundamental goal of this research was to ascertain how bMOOC is being used and how it can be incorporated into the on-campus classroom setting to enhance effective teaching and learning in higher educational institutions. The instrument used was mainly online interview question items containing elements of SWOT analysis. A purposively and multi-stage sampling technique was used to select the twenty-five (25) Instructors in the University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana who had already used the bMOOC instructional delivery strategy. The result showed that there were available facilitating conditions such as computers, internet access, and ICT laboratories. However, these were inadequate for the sustained and smooth implementation of bMOOC. It was revealed that the university could obtain numerous benefits if bMOOC is implemented appropriately at UCC. These benefits include expanding the distance education program, increasing student enrolment, reducing physical infrastructure costs, and enhancing its public image. It was recommended that before running bMOOC, universities must have and maintain reliable and robust internet connectivity, which should be made accessible to all users. Finally, the universities must make provisions for adequate ICT laboratories.</p> John K.E. Edumadze, Samuel Otchere Darko, Stephen Mensah, David Bentil, Gladys E. Edumadze ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Social Laxity and Discrimination Against Sanitary Workers – A Case Study Analysis <p><strong>Background of the Study&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Background of the Study&nbsp;The social recognition of sanitary workers is in very poor condition in our country. Due to their nature of work as well as their working environments, they are having very pathetic response from the public. Our society is being functioned by the Varna system, obviously we can refuse it, but when we are make a deep analysis about the social stratification in the contemporary era, it should be related with the caste, rural and urban category, socio-economic parities and eventually the working category. Though we are having plenty of constitutional enactments which focus the equality among the people in our society, till today we have having the practice of social stratification. With the above said views the research paper has been conducted with the assistance of case study method to elucidate the social condition of the sanitary workers in the urban areas.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong></p> <p>• To study the social recognition of the sanitary workers from their working fields• To analyze the working environments and its consequences on their health&nbsp;• To provide the effective supportive mechanisms to solve the issues of the respondents&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong></p> <p>To find the condition of sanitary workers, the case study method has been adopted. Due to the time constraints and work nature of sanitary workers, the researcher could not able to find more respondents. Hence the case study method has been adopted by the researcher. Totally five case studies prepared by the researcher.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>The technical assistance of the government towards the sanitary field shall be implemented. They are having some health issues due to the work nature. Regarding society, in some places the ideology of caste and stratification are existing, this has led to the social laxity of the sanitary workers. The public and government shall provide the better appreciation and social approval to the sanitary workers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>The recognition of health workers not only related with the praise of individuals also connected with the ideological change of the public. The work of vulnerable and marginalized communities for the welfare of the public shall be recognized, otherwise there shall be a gap between the developed and underdeveloped communities.</p> A. Sathishwaran, P. Sethurajakumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Data Science <p>Data science has become the most demanding task of the 21st century. All companies are looking for candidates with knowledge of data science. This topic provides an overview of data science. Includes data science duties, data science tools, data science components, applications and more.</p> K. Sankar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Trail of Adversities in the Path of Women Empowerment <p>This study is to find out several insights about occurrences behind the empowerment of renowned women till today. Women empowerment is a general term that refers to giving women the power, environment and liberty of thought, action and education to set up career, prosperity and identity. The main objective of this study is to find out the difficulties and adversity that act as a supporting system during their journey to their final goal. This paper relates the ‘Epitomes’ and their ‘Hard Knocks’ in their path of Empowerment and highlighted the Indian heroes Raja Rammohan Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar who are the first eminent ‘ Tourch bearers’ of modern Women Empowerment. The significance of this research work is to is to find the right supporting person behind empowering women in the past and modern society and how through a trail of hardships they can achieve a great victory in those days. This study employs analysis and discussion in quantitative method and collection of data from Books, Newspapers, Journals, Internet Search and Research papers of the other research work.</p> Kaushik Das, Aditi Sen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Student- Teacher’s Digital Competency Readiness During COVID- 19 <p>The COVID-19 crisis changed the traditional method into online transformation among teachersand they should need digital competency in order to teach creative and innovative through digital platforms. Digital readiness is nothing but preparedness or act of readiness to do something in meaningful way. The purpose of the present study is to find out the level digital competency readiness among student - teachers during covid 19.The researcher used self developed questionnaire, it has 20 items about technical readiness, pedagogical readiness and readiness regarding time management. The result showed that there is no significant difference between male and female student teachers digital competency readiness and there is significant difference with respect to student – teacher’s locality and major subjects.</p> M Parkavi, R. Selvamathi Sugirtha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Development of Value Added High Fibre Millet Bread Incorporated with Flax Seed and Sunflower Seed <p>An attempt has been made in the present investigation formulate a bread by incorporating the fluor of flax and sunflower seeds with an aim to increase the nutritional and organoleptic properties. Generally, breads are being made from wheat flour which has some inadequacies in terms of lesser protein content, mineral composition, vitamins and fiber contents. Interestingly, millets in general have relatively higher protein, minerals and fiber contents which in turn increases the nutritional and digestible properties of food made from them. Therefore, in the present study, bread formulated with incorporation of Banyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea), flax seed (Linum usitatissimum) and sunflower seed (Helianthus annuus). Attempt has also been made to examine the organoleptic properties of the developed bread and to identify the suitable packaging techniques. The results obtained have been presented and discussed with up-to-date literature pertaining to this work.</p> N. Selvarani, Kavitha Maheshwari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000