Comparative Study of Tamilnadu Thappattam and Eastern Sri Lanka’s Parai Mela Koothu

தமிழகத் தப்பாட்டமும் கிழக்கிலங்கையின் பறைமேளக் கூத்தும் ஓர் ஒப்பீட்டாய்வு

Keywords: Chittarasi, Valkulam, Kanjimutti, Vallanar, Arunthathi


The eastern region of nature is a vast expanse of land. At present it consists of only three districts namely Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara.The people are still identified as a significant ancestral community. The people are still identified as a significant ancestral community. The early 5th century A.D. or early 6th century A.D. marks their early history here.In the settlement of South Indian communities established twice when Kalinga princess Ulaganachi was a vassal queen of Manmunai in Batticaloa; The Paraiyar clan is one of the seventeen categories of professional society. These communities were included in the Batticaloa area which was merged into the Tholumbar division in the Jaffna area.
“Valruvam thotti notti vanchana kshatriya
Don’t be sorry to be happy
Purantakulam mixed with life will decrease
Thullavar Kalinga Magon Duke has also regretted.”
These people gave the name Valruvam. During this time, the leader of the Paraiyar community known as Moopanar performed in front of the Maha Sabha and received their kanji mutti and received their family title Rajaparai from the President of the Maha Sabha. This koothu is performed during the festivals of Sakthi temple in Kannagikovil.Similarly in Thanjavur, Dindigul and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu, Thappattam is played in large numbers. Thappu is the dance of adavus by holding a long stick with the left hand and a small stick with the right hand and playing the adavus by beating cymbals. Though Tamilagatha Pattam is generally known as the dance art of the Paraiyar people, Arunnathi artistes can also be seen dancing in some places. Therefore, this study is based on history, culture and game patterns.

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