Issues and Challenges of School Education Faced by Tribal Students in India: A Critical Review

  • Joshen Joji Ottaplackal Research Scholar, Department of Social Work, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
  • K Anbu Associate Professor, Department of Social Work, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Keywords: Education, Tribal Identity, Scheduled Tribe


Education is one of the liberating forces anticipated for an egalitarian society based on equality and justice. Makers of the Indian Constitution cognized of its value have set a deadline of 10 years after the promulgation of the constitution to achieve universal compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14. To much distress, after 74 years of independence, even primary education is far from being universal, but the state has relentlessly pursued the goal. Much of the population have reaped the fruits of Modern Education, but a significant population is lagging. Scheduled Tribe, with more than 104 million people, has poorly performed compared to the rest of the people. The current study will comprehensively review the issues and challenges for imparting education to children fromindigenous communities. The article is entirely based on secondary data gathered from various government sources and derived from numerous research studies conducted in India. The study’s outcome can improve the implementation of the fundamental right to education in its true spirit while giving due regard for the tribal identity.

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