Sustainable Agriculture in India - Natural Farming Spreads Roots in Andhra Pradesh

  • Chetti Praveen Kumar Research Fellow, Agro-Economic Research Centre Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Keywords: Natural Farming, Sustainable Agriculture, Agroecological Practice, Agronomic Practice, Organic Farming, Green Revolution


Indian agriculture sector is the most vulnerable due to climate change challenges like uncertain rainfall and water stress and coupled with week economic status of the farmers. The Indian agriculture sector facing three different challenges, such that high cost of production, low production and productivity and degradation of natural resources with affected agroecological system. Now it evident that serious concerns raised about the future problems related to country with the present approach. Natural farming can produce nutritious food without harming the environment or the health of the soil. The Andhra Pradesh state was specifically chosen for the study since it has more than 750000 farmers that practice natural farming there. The secondary data have been used which is drown from the RySS and Indiastat and also related reposts, and the study referred various previous studies and research articles from the existing literature. The study investigates the spatial distribution analysis by using ArcGIS. And the study analyzed the yield and net returns of the natural and non-natural farming in the study area. Natural farmers will gain more from lower cultivation costs, higher crop yields, higher earnings, better, healthier, more nutrient-rich food, environmental preservation, and reduced soil erosion. In addition, ecological farming requires less capital, which lowers debt loads.

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