A Portrait of Two Carnages: A Comparative Study between Jallianwala Bagh and Croke Park Massacres

  • Rebanta Gupta Research Assistant, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Keywords: British Empire, Bullets, Massacre, Memory, Popular Culture, Reginald Dyer


This brief article attempts to make a comparative study between the two infamous massacres orchestrated by the British Empire: the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919, and the Croke Park Massacre of 1920. By discussing the issues of the identities of the perpetrators and the victims, and also how the martyrs of these massacres are remembered in the present times, this article aims to draw a historical axis connecting the predicaments of Indian and Irish independence movements against colonial despotism. It also highlights the representations of these two incidents in the domain of popular culture, by focusing mainly on the arena of films. The article, which does not initate a critical historical discussion about the causes and effects of the two massacres, aims to investigate the aftershocks of two genocides driven by imperial despotism, rather than delving into a historical study of the Jallianwala Bagh and Croke Park incidents.

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