A Comparative Analysis of Self-Realisation in the Bhagavad Gita with Psychology and Philosophy and its Educational Implications

  • Pramila Ramani Assistant Professor, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Reflection, Meditation, Self-Realisation, Self-Awareness, Self-Actualisation, Comprehensive Approach


The Bhagavad Gita concentrates on awakening, which serves as the scripture’s overarching core theme. Meditation and expanding one’s consciousness can help one achieve self-realisation. Reflection and self-awareness are crucial in realising one’s true nature and achieving self-actualisation. The Bhagavad Gita generally gives a complete and multifaceted view of self-realisation. This notion includes the realisation of one’s true self, the eradication of one’s ego, the pursuit of spiritual paths, and the attainment of freedom. Abraham Maslow proposed Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs as a psychological theory. Human needs can be classified into five levels of hierarchy. Carl Rogers, a well-known humanistic psychologist, coined the term ‘self-actualisation.’ Eastern philosophies, such as mindfulness and Zen Buddhism, have a long history of emphasising self-realisation via inward awareness and meditation. Taoism is an ancient Chinese philosophy that encourages people to unite with the Tao. Existentialism is a philosophical movement investigating self-realisation by delving into fundamental concerns about life and individuality. While the Bhagavad Gita’s concept of self-realisation is similar to Western psychology theories and Eastern philosophies, it is distinguished by its comprehensive approach. The Bhagavad Gita’s self-realization teachings complement psychology and philosophy. Students learn morals, self-awareness, and progress from these lessons. These concepts can harmonise and educate.

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