Review on Ancient Tamil Architecture: A Immortal Heritage of Creativity and Artistic Perfection

Keywords: Ancient Tamil Architecture, Sangam Period Architecture, Pallava Dynasty Architecture, Artistic Heritage of Tamil, Engineering Marvels of Tamils, Chola Dynasty


Ancient Tamil architecture spans millennia, and it is an acknowledgement of the rich cultural and creative legacy of the Tamil people and Tamil community. Originating from the Sangam period (300 BCE to 300 CE) the architecture of Tamil Nadu is deeply intertwined with the rich cultural, social, and political developments that shaped the region over centuries. The architectural legacy of Tamil Nadu, best known for its Dravidian-style temples, has taken shape throughout different periods, leaving a unique imprint on the terrain. Also, ancient Tamil architecture is characterized by its use of granite, delicate carvings, mandapa (pillared hall), vimanas, ornate detailing, and deep spiritual and religious meanings. These ancient temples act as cosmic blueprints, outlining cosmology and showing the soul’s journey to enlightenment. However, these historical sites are under threat from urbanization, environmental degradation, and neglect. Conservation and preservation initiatives are vital for preserving cultural heritage places. In this review article, will help to learn how Tamil architects continue to be inspired by the creative structural components, elaborate carvings, and spiritual symbols found in Tamil temples, thereby contributing to the preservation or evolution of Tamil architectural traditions.

Abstract views: 11 times
PDF downloads: 5 times