Sustainable Farming Management in India

  • U Arumugam Assistant Professor, Department of Corporate Secretaryship, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
  • M Manida Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli
Keywords: Land, Fertilizer, Pesticides, Biodiversity, Irrigation Issues, Pollution


Agriculture has historically had a significant negative impact on the environment, primarily due to practices aimed at increasing yields to meet the growing demands of the population. These practices have led to consequences such as deforestation, soil degradation, biodiversity loss, irrigation issues, and pollution. To tackle these challenges, the concept of sustainable agriculture has emerged as a new approach. Sustainable agriculture aims to meet the present food and resource needs of society while ensuring the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It emphasizes the use of agricultural practices that minimize negative environmental impacts, promote resource efficiency, and ensure long-term sustainability. To effectively implement sustainable agriculture, it is crucial to adopt practices that align with its principles. Examples of such practices include organic farming, integrated pest management, crop rotation, agroforestry, conservation tillage, and water management techniques. By adopting these practices, farmers can reduce reliance on synthetic inputs, preserve soil health, conserve water resources, protect biodiversity, and mitigate the impact of agriculture on climate change. However, the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices is influenced by various factors that can vary across regions and contexts. These factors may include economic considerations, access to resources and knowledge, policy support, market demand for sustainable products, social norms, and farmer attitudes and beliefs. Understanding these factors is essential for promoting widespread adoption of sustainable agriculture. Research has been conducted to explore the drivers and barriers to the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. By identifying these factors, policymakers, researchers, and agricultural stakeholders can develop targeted strategies to incentivize and support farmers in transitioning towards sustainable practices. Although progress has been made in understanding the factors influencing adoption, there are still gaps and challenges in the existing literature. Further research is needed to deepen our understanding of the complex interactions between different factors and their effects on adoption outcomes. This will contribute to the development of more effective policies, programs, and interventions to promote sustainable agriculture and address the environmental challenges associated with conventional farming practices.

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