Labours Troubles and Congress Party in Tamil Nadu (1900- 1947)

  • T Balasubramaninan Karikudi, Sivagangai District, Tamil Nadu, India


In tamil nadu which was predominantly agricultural, the maximization of agricultural productivity and output was an essential condition of economic growth and improvement of the masses. the system under which the cultivator worked was of key importance in determining the agricultural growth.

The cost of living index, which started increasing during the world war, continued its upward trend even after the war.  wages and dearness allowances were not proportionately increased to completely neutralize the price rise. it caused much finance by labor the establishment of  war industries generated employment opportunities for workers and yet the soaring prices, low wages and rising cost of living adversely affected the standard of living of laborers.  hence the war period was marked unrest in madras and under the defense of india rules; the government declared strikes illegal in many essential industries.                               

On the direction of the central government, the state government advised the employers to pay compensation for involuntary unemployment, resulting out of shortage of coal and raw material.  nevertheless, problems of this kind caused disturbances in the labor front for the workers retrenched from 1 april 1947.

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